Interpreting the ADHD Profile
The ADHD PROFILE
(page 10) recognizes that ADHD is not a unitary disorder
but rather a collection of symptoms which vary in intensity
from person to person. The profile has been designed so that
someone reviewing the results of the testing can see at a glance
the severity of the core ADHD symptoms.
The symptoms of ADHD, (i.e., impulsivity, inattention,
hyperactivity, etc.) are present in all of us. Whether they
become a problem depends upon 1) how severe they are, and 2)
what we are trying to do. For example, the ability to pay attention
for extended periods is very important for an air traffic controller,
but may be much less vital for some other line of work. Using
the profile, it is possible to customize the ADHD test findings
to a broad range of settings and tasks.
The ADHD PROFILE can be used to summarize current
functioning as well as changes over time, e.g,, after taking
Organization of the Profile:
The symptom categories are presented across the top of the profile.
The primary symptoms are Impulsivity, Inattention, and Hyperactivity.
Inattention is further divided into Short-Term Attention, Sustained
Attention, and Distractibility. Secondary symptoms of AHDH are
also included, e.g., Reaction Time, Variability In Reaction
Time, and Processing Speed. Parent and Teacher Ratings are summarized
at the far right.
Interpreting the Profile: This
is a “problem” profile in that the higher the percentile, the
greater the problem. An impulsivity score of 93% means that
the person is more impulsive than 92 out of 100 people of the
same age. Consequently, in reading the profile, the higher the
score the more problems the individual is likely to have.
There are no absolute cut-off scores between “average” and ADHD.
As is customary in ADHD research, we have used the 93rd percentile
to represent the beginning of the ADHD range, and scores between
75% and 93% are considered Borderline ADHD. However, the strength
of the profile is that the scores are all presented, and the
person using them can decide what “cut-offs” to use.
Descriptions of Tests: