Reading is comprised of many basic abilities working
together. To simply give a child an achievement test, find a
weakness in reading, and report that the child has a learning
disability, offers little help to the teacher or parent. In
addition to documenting IF a child has a problem,
a good evaluation explains WHY.
The Reading Aptitude
Graph on the following page shows why Sally is struggling
in reading. This is because she has trouble processing visual
and auditory information, i.e., she reverses letters
and has difficulty hearing the phonemes (sounds) in words.
She also has very slow rapid naming ability,
which is an essential skill to become an accomplished reader.
It is not unusual to find that parents and teachers are unaware
that a bright child such as Sally is a poor reader. Such children
are often very good a compensating for reading weaknesses on
short passages. In fact, they can read but only at a slow rate
and with much effort. This detracts from the enjoyment and limits
Given information on why the child is having
difficulty with a subject the teacher can plan a remediation
strategy that meets the specific needs of that