of Information Processing: How quickly the person works on
easy, routine tasks. On the Visual Matching subtest, Sally
placed at the lower limit of the low average range (SS = 80, 9%).
This may indicate the presence of ADHD as a slow rate of processing
information is associated with this disorder, or it may reflect
the problems with visual processing noted above. She also did
very poorly on a test of rapid naming (Rapid
Picture Naming = 5%). Rapid naming if very important for reading
and weaknesses can indicate the presence of a serious reading
Short-Term Working and Rote Memory: All
learning is dependent upon short-term memory. An example is being
able to remember a phone number long enough to dial it. The WJ
III measures both working and rote short-term
memory. Sally placed in the average range on all
tests of short-term memory.
Learning New Information: An excellent
feature of the WJ III is its ability to test how well a person
can learn new material and remember it. It measures sound-symbol
learning, i.e., learning the sounds which go with pictures or
symbols. This is the major learning skill stressed from kindergarten
into the first few years of college. On the Visual-Auditory
Learning subtest, Sally placed in the low average range at the
20th percentile. She also placed in the low average range on the
Sound-Symbol Learning subtest from the WRAML. These findings indicate
that Sally has difficulty learning the association between visual
images and sounds.
Comprehension and Knowledge: One of the
better measures of what is known as "General Intelligence"
is vocabulary. This reflects how well the person has used cognitive
abilities to learn important aspects of the culture. Sally’s
score on the Verbal Comprehension test indicates a superior vocabulary.
Fluid Reasoning or the Ability to Think Logically:
This is what most people think of when they think of higher level
intelligence. How the person is able to process information and
use it to solve abstract problems. Fluid reasoning is an area
of great strength for Sally. On a test of visual fluid reasoning
that required her to utilize analysis and synthesis to solve puzzles,
she placed in the superior range at the 97th percentile. She also
placed in the superior range on the Similarities subtest from
the WISC III, which indicates superior verbal fluid reasoning.
Sally has a tremendous aptitude for abstract
thinking and reasoning.